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         or glass that has punctured the tire.
         These objects must be removed and
         will require the tire to be repaired. 
General condition. Check for
         cuts, bulges, cracks and damage to
         the sidewalls.

Wheels and rims

Wire spoke wheels. Check for loose,
         damaged, missing or broken spokes. 
Wheels/rims. Check for damage
         or cracks. 
Bearings. Check for proper lubrication. 
Seals. Check for leaks.

Exhaust system

Muffler. Check condition and that it 
         is secure. For more information about
         legal mufflers, see Appendix 1.

Drive system –
(depending on which type
is on your motorcycle)

Chain. Check for lubrication
         and proper tension. 
Belt. Check for wear and
         proper tension. 
Shaft. Check for oil leaks.

Lights and electrical

Lights. Check that all are clean, securely
         mounted and not damaged. Check that
         the tail light and headlight(s) (high and
         low beam) work. The headlight(s) must
         come on when the motor is running. 
Brake light. Check that it is clean,
        securely mounted and not damaged.

 

         Check that the foot and hand brake
         controls activate the brake light easily. 
Reflectors. Check that all are clean,
         securely mounted and not damaged. 
Turn signals. Check that all are clean,
         securely mounted and not damaged.
         Check that both lights work by turning
         the lights on and off. 
Battery. Check that the battery is
         secure, the terminals are clean, and the
         connections to the battery are secure. 
Horn. Check that it is working. 
Engine cut-off switch. Check that it
         stops the engine. 
Instrument lights. Check that they are
         working properly by turning the key to
         the ‘ON’ position. 
Neutral gear light. Check that it lights
         when in neutral (usually green). 
Hazard lights (if equipped). Check
        that they are working. 
Safety interlock switch on the 
        side stand (if equipped).
Check that
          it is working.

Fluids

Oil. 
            • Check that the oil is at the 
               recommended level. 
            • Check the oil colour (yellow is good; 
               black or dark should be changed). 
Coolant (if the motorcycle engine is
          liquid cooled). 

            • Check that the coolant fluid is at 
               the recommended level. 
            • Check the hoses for leaks or cracks. 
 Fuel. Check the amount of fuel in 
          the tank.

CHAPTER THREE                                                                                         KNOWING YOUR MOTORCYCLE  21
 

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