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   the gear selector lever and releasing,
   repeatedly, for each gear.
• Carefully release the clutch lever.
   Unless you are slowing or stopping,
   gently apply the throttle.
• When you have completed shifting to
   the selected gear, remove your fingers
   from the clutch lever and return them to
   the hand grip.

Slowing or stopping

It is necessary to shift down through each
gear when slowing or stopping. This
way you will know when you are in first
gear. However, it is possible to come to
a complete stop while the clutch lever is
pulled in and you remain in the current
gear. If you do this you will need to pull the
clutch lever in and shift down through each
gear to get back into first gear.

To stop or reduce speed gradually,
downshift through each gear in sequence
by pulling in the clutch lever, shifting into the
next lower gear and then carefully releasing
the clutch lever for each gear. You can also
downshift through one or more gears at one
time while the clutch lever is pulled in. When
downshifting through two or more gears
at a time, be sure to reduce your speed to
fit the speed with the gear before releasing
your clutch lever.

Gear selection and control
for curves and corners

If you need to reduce your speed and
change gears for a curve or corner, to
have the best control, do it before entering
the curve or corner. The speed that you
enter the curve or turn should allow you to
maintain control through the curve or turn

without braking. Any sudden change in
acceleration or braking to the rear wheel
can affect balance and control, and reduce
the tire contact with the road surface. This
can cause the wheel to spin or skid.

Starting uphill

It is more difficult to get a motorcycle
moving on an uphill slope than when
it is on flat ground. There is also a
risk of rolling backward or the engine
stalling. While seated and straddling
your motorcycle, here is one method for
starting on an uphill slope:
• With your feet firmly on the ground,
   and the engine in neutral and running,
   use your front brake to keep the
   motorcycle in place.
• Pull the clutch lever all the way in, then
   use your left foot to shift into first gear,
   continuing to hold your clutch lever in
   all the way.
• Place your left foot firmly on the ground
   again, and then apply the rear brake
   with your right foot.
• Keep the rear brake on. Release the
   front brake, and then open the throttle
   slightly with your right hand.
• Slowly release the clutch lever until
   reaching the friction point and hold the
   clutch lever there. Then release the rear
   brake while gradually applying slightly
   more power with the throttle.
• Avoid releasing the clutch lever too quickly
   as this may cause the engine to stall, or
   the front wheel to come off the road.
• Place your left foot on the foot peg as
   the motorcycle begins to move forward.
• After you are moving smoothly and the
   clutch lever is released, remove your
   fingers from the clutch lever and return
   them to the hand grip.

 

CHAPTER FOUR                                                         THE BASICS OF SAFE OPERATING AND RIDING  27

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