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• the driver starts and ends the work shift
   at the same place
• the driver stays within a 160 kilometre
   radius of the home terminal
• there must be no more than 15 hours
   from the time the driver starts work until
   relieved of duty
• the employer must maintain a record
   for at least six months of the time each
   driver starts and ends a work shift

The driver’s employer must:
• ensure the driver follows the
   regulations; and
• maintain the daily logs, in an orderly
   manner, for each driver for six months

For more information, refer to the
Drivers Hours of Service Regulation
AR 317/2002, which is available from
the Queen’s Printer. (See “Need more
information” at the end of this section.)

Federal legislation

The federal drivers’ hours of service
regulations are more restrictive than the
Alberta regulations. It is important to realize
that the federal regulation has daily, work
shift and cumulative cycle limits that all
must be met every day. The following is
only a summary of the main regulatory
requirements. 

During a day (a consecutive 24 hour
period determined by the carrier) a driver
cannot drive:
• after having driven 13 hours; or
• after being on-duty for 14 hours

In each day a driver must take 10 hours
of off-duty time, 8 of the hours off being

 

consecutive. The other two hours must be
taken in no less than 30 minute periods.
Some concessions apply. 

During a work shift (a work shift starts
after the driver has 8 consecutive hours
off), a driver cannot drive:
• after having driven 13 hours;
• after being on-duty for 14 hours;
• after 16 hours of time has elapsed since
   the conclusion of their most recent 8
   hours of consecutive off-duty time

Sleeper berth requirements differ
between team and single drivers.

A carrier must ensure their drivers are
following cycle 1 or 2. The driver must then
indicate which cycle they are operating under
on their daily log. Depending on the cycle,
the driver shall not drive after accumulating:
Cycle 1 - 70 hours of on-duty time in 7
consecutive days; or
Cycle 2 - 120 hours of on-duty time in 14
consecutive days.

Drivers using cycle 2 are required to
take at least 24 consecutive hours off prior
to reaching their 70th hour of on duty time.

A driver operating on cycle 1 may reset
their accumulative hours back to zero by
taking 36 consecutive hours off-duty. A
driver operating on cycle 2 may reset their
accumulative hours to zero by taking 72
consecutive hours off-duty. A driver cannot
move from one cycle to the other without
taking a reset.

No driver may drive unless they have
taken at least 24 consecutive hours off in
the preceding 14 days.

A driver need not complete a daily log if:
• the driver operates or is instructed
   by the motor carrier to operate a
   commercial vehicle within a radius of
   160 kilometres of the home terminal
 

 CHAPTER TWO                                                                                  NATIONAL SAFETY CODE  21

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