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Parking

Always select a safe place to park the
vehicle. Set the parking brake in the
tractor. Do not use the trailer hand valve
to hold a parked unit. Put the transmission
in the lowest forward or reverse gear (if
applicable). If the vehicle has a two-speed
axle, put the axle in low range.

Properly block the wheels using wheel
chocks. The minimum size for the square
blocks should be 15 centimetres by 15
centimetres.

Do not expect the transmission to do
the work of securing the vehicle. Always
use the vehicle’s parking brake system and
wheel blocks.

PARKING ON A HILL 
The law requires that the wheels of a
parked vehicle be no more than 50
centimetres from the curb. When parked,
the vehicle must be left in low gear or
reverse for a manual transmission or
park for an automatic transmission. Have
the park brake engaged. The following
information applies to vehicles parked
on the right-hand side of the road. For
vehicles parked on the left-hand side of the
road (one-way), turn the front wheels in the
opposite direction.

• For parking downhill, with or without a
   curb, the front wheels should always be
   turned to the right.
• For parking uphill with a curb, the
   front wheels should always be turned
   to the left.
• For parking uphill without a curb,
   tractor-trailer units with one articulation
   point should always have the front
   wheels turned to the left. 

 NOTE: If there is a curb, allow the vehicle
 to roll to the point where the front wheels
 are making contact with the curb before
 setting the park brake. This helps to
 prevent the vehicle from jumping the curb
 if the vehicle starts to move. 

Reversing

• When reversing a semi-trailer, turn the
   steering wheel in the opposite direction
   to where you want the trailer to go.
   Another method is to place your hand
   on the bottom of the steering wheel and
   move your hand in the same direction
   that you want the trailer to go. The
   tractor must follow an S-shape in order
   to bring the trailer around smoothly.
• Always reverse the vehicle slowly and
   use both the rear view mirrors. Never
   forget that there is always a blind spot
   directly behind the vehicle that is not
   visible in the mirrors.
• Avoid unnecessary reversing by
   planning ahead.
• Sound the horn as a safety precaution
   before reversing. Repeat at least once
   for every vehicle length reversed.
• If possible, ask someone to act as
   a guide and establish hand signals
   between the driver and the guide. The
   guide must be able to see the path
   the vehicle is taking. The driver must
   be able to see the guide. Stop if you
   cannot see the guide.
• Remember that even with a guide,
   the driver is still responsible for all
   movements of the vehicle.

 

 50   A Commercial Driver’s Guide to Operation, Safety and Licensing

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