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   warning device 30 metres (about 100
   feet) in front of and behind the bus.
• If a breakdown occurs, and the vehicle
   is stationary on a highway outside the
   limits of an urban municipality during the
   period between sunset and sunrise (in
   darkness), or anytime when there is not
   sufficient light to see people or vehicles
   clearly on a highway at a distance of
   150 metres (about 492 feet), activate
   the emergency hazard lights. Place an
   approved warning device 75 metres
   (about 250 feet) in front of and
   behind the bus.
• If you cannot fix the problem quickly
   or cannot radio or phone for help, stay
   with the bus.

Left / right turns

When turning left or right at an intersection
do the following:
• Prepare well in advance by positioning
   the bus in the appropriate lane
   depending on the direction of travel.
• Give the proper turn signal in sufficient
   time to provide a reasonable warning to
   other motorists of your intention.
• Reduce your speed and downshift to the
   proper gear needed to execute the turn.
• Check traffic and conditions to your left
   and right then left again before making
   your turn. Watch for both vehicle and
   pedestrian traffic.
• Check for traffic signals or signs that are
   directed to you plus be aware of signs
   or signals that apply to cross-traffic.
• Executing the turn
   · Turning left – take the left most
      lane available (unless directed
      otherwise by arrows on a traffic sign
      or markings on the road surface). If 

      stopped waiting to turn, keep the
      front wheels pointed straight and the
      break pedal depressed to ensure
      your brake lights are on and if struck
      from behind your bus will not be
      pushed into oncoming traffic. When
      turning left off a two-lane highway,
      make a quick shoulder and mirror
      check to ensure you are not about to
      be passed by an overtaking vehicle.
   · Turning right – take the right-most
      lane available.
• On dual left turn lanes, it is preferable to
   use the outer left turning lane.
• Never shift gears during the turn.
• Check the left and right mirrors as you are
   turning for bus body swing and clearance.
• Check that your turn signal has been
   cancelled once the turn is complete.

Reversing

Reversing a school bus is a leading cause
of school bus collisions. It should be
avoided whenever possible. It is illegal to
reverse a loaded or unloaded school bus
in a schoolyard or at a location next to a
school ground unless there is a responsible
guide located outside at the rear of the bus
giving direction. Remember that you are
responsible for all movements of the bus.
Here are some guidelines to follow.
• Physically check the area for any
   obstructions and clearances.
• Have a responsible adult act as a guide.
• Agree on the hand signals that
   will be used.
• Tell the person where to stand.
• Tap the horn.
• Reverse slowly.
• Stop immediately if you lose sight
   of the guide.
 

 CHAPTER FIVE                                                                               OPERATING CLASS 2 VEHICLES   55

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