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Changing lanes

Because of the blind spots, you must
do shoulder checks in addition to mirror
checks before changing lanes. To do a
shoulder check properly, quickly glance
back over your shoulder through the rear
side windows in the direction you intend
to move. This allows you to see the area
you will not be able to see in your mirrors.

If you do not have backseat side
windows or a back rear window, you will
need to use your outside mirrors with an
attached convex mirror.

When moving from one lane to another,
do the following:
• Be sure a lane change is allowed.
• Check for traffic by glancing in your
   inside and outside rear view mirrors.
• Check over your shoulder to be sure there
   is no vehicle or cyclist in your blind spots.
• Turn on the proper signal light.
• If safe, change lanes, while maintaining
   your speed as much as possible.
• Ensure your signal light is turned off.

Passing

Passing on a multi-lane
highway

On a multi-lane highway, slower traffic
should use the travel lane furthest to the
right (unless needing the left lane to turn
left). This leaves the left lane available for
drivers of other vehicles for passing.

Passing lanes

A passing lane is a lane added to a

highway to allow passing, often in the
mountains.Slower vehicles move into the
passing lane to the right, permitting other
vehicles to pass safely in the left lane.
Signs will alert drivers to a passing lane
ahead.

A passing lane permits other vehicles to 
pass safely.

When approaching the end of the
passing lane, drivers in the right lane
must merge safely with traffic to the left.
Drivers in the left lane must cooperate to
let drivers from the right lane merge.
Signs are posted to alert drivers that the
passing lane is ending.

Passing on a two lane
highway

On a two lane highway (one lane of
traffic in each direction), passing another
vehicle can be difficult and dangerous.
Errors in judgment can result in head-on
collisions, and these often cause fatalities.
Passing should be done only where it
is legal, when it is necessary, and with
extreme caution.

CHAPTER FIVE                                                                                   HIGHWAYS AND FREEWAYS  69

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