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smooth and controlled manner will
reduce the chance of a skid. If the road
is not familiar to you or the conditions
are not ideal, reduce your speed.

It is very important that you keep
your foot off the brake pedal if you
start to skid.
How you steer depends on
the direction of the skid. Look and steer
in the direction you want the front of the
vehicle to go. Do not make large steering
adjustments, point the tires along the
centre of your lane.



  Look and steer in the direction you want the
  front of the vehicle to go. Note the position of
  the front tires (in red).

Braking skid (non-ABS)

If your vehicle does not have anti-lock
brakes, a braking skid could occur when
you apply your brakes too firmly, causing
the wheels to lock. Steering control will be
lost.

If you experience this type of skid, do
the following:
• Take your foot off the brake pedal. When
   the vehicle’s wheels start to roll, steering
   control will return.
• Look and steer in the direction you want
   the front of the vehicle to go.

If you need to apply the brakes again,
use firm pressure but not hard enough to
lock the wheels.
 

Power (acceleration) skid

A power skid occurs when you accelerate
too quickly, causing the wheels to spin.
If you experience a power skid, do
the following:
• Take your foot off the gas pedal to allow
   the wheels to stop spinning.
• Make any needed steering corrections.
   Look and steer in the direction you want
   the front of the vehicle to go.
• Be careful not to over correct your
   steering or you may skid in the
   opposite direction.
• Use gentle acceleration to continue
    moving forward.

Cornering skid

A cornering skid occurs when you are
travelling too quickly when turning,
causing the vehicle to slide sideways.
Speed, tire condition, road surface, and
the slope of the road can all play a part
in this type of skid.

If you experience a cornering skid,
do the following:
• Take your foot off the gas pedal.
   Do not use your brakes.
• Look and steer in the direction you
   want the front of the vehicle to go. 

Off-road recovery

If you drive off the paved portion of the
roadway, do the following:
• Keep a firm grip on the steering wheel.
• Do not try to steer the vehicle back onto
   the road immediately.
• Take your foot off the gas pedal to
   reduce your speed.

CHAPTER SIX                                                       EMERGENCY SITUATIONS AND CHALLENGING CONDITIONS  77

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