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• Try to avoid braking. If you need to
   brake, use gradual pressure on the
   brake pedal to keep control.
• Check for traffic before attempting to
   steer the vehicle back onto the road.
• With controlled speed, return to the
   road gradually and straighten your
   vehicle in the proper travel lane.

Gradual return to the roadway.

Vehicle mechanical
problems

It is important to keep your vehicle
working properly. If your vehicle breaks
down while you are driving, it can be
dangerous as well as inconvenient.

If your vehicle is having mechanical
problems that require you to stop,
remember the following for your safety:
• Change lanes safely and park in a safe
   location, if possible.
• Do not stop on a bridge or in a tunnel.
   This can be very dangerous.
• If the vehicle is left in a potentially
   dangerous location, turn on your
   hazard lights (four-way flashers).
• Raise your hood.
• Carry reflective triangles. On the
   highway or in a location that is
   potentially dangerous, when it is safe,
   place them to the rear of your vehicle,
   about 10 to 20 metres (33 to 66 ft)
   apart.

• Do not try to do roadside repairs on
   crowded or fast-moving highways.
• If it is a potentially dangerous
   situation, have all occupants leave the
   vehicle and wait at a safe location to
   the rear and away from the vehicle, as
   shown in the diagram.

 Move away from the vehicle while waiting 
 for help.

If a motorist stops to offer help, you
could ask them to call for assistance.

Brake failure

Most vehicles come with a brake system
that will protect you against a total failure
of your brakes. A warning light on your
instrument panel will light if there is a
problem. It should light before your brakes
stop working. When you see the brake
warning light come on, and you have
checked that the park brake has been
released, move to the side of the road as
soon as it is safe.

If you have a vehicle with power
brakes, the power system could fail. This
may occur if your engine stops while you
are still moving. If the vehicle does not
slow with normal pressure on the brake,
push the brake pedal harder and apply
steady pressure.
 

78  A Driver's Guide to Operation, Safety and Licensing

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