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• shovel
• heat source, candle, matches and a
   deep can to hold the candle
• ice scraper and snow brush
• tire chains

Emergency supplies

Consider having the following emergency
supplies in your car at all times:
• first aid kit
• approved warning devices like
   reflective triangles
• booster cables
• non-perishable food
• jack and inflated spare tire
• flashlight with extra batteries
• tow rope
• headlight replacement bulbs

Animals

To reduce the chance of a collision with an
animal, do the following:
• Reduce your speed, look well ahead,
   and use caution in areas with wildlife
   warning signs.
• Scan the sides of the road for animals.
• Be careful at dusk and dawn since
   animals tend to be more active at
   these times.
• Watch for sudden, unusual spots of light
   on or near the road at night. This may
   be the reflection of your headlights from
   an animal’s eyes.
• Animals sometimes move in groups. If
   you see one animal, there may be more.

If an animal suddenly appears in front
of you brake hard and prepare to take
evasive action. Choose an escape route
away from oncoming traffic.

Collisions

If you are the first person at the scene of a
collision, stop away from the collision in a
safe location. Offer assistance if possible,
and protect the scene with flashing hazard
lights and warning triangles so that other
vehicles do not become involved. If it is
necessary to notify the police or emergency
medical services, be as accurate as you can,
especially about the condition of any injured
people and the location of the collision.

If you are involved in a collision, give
assistance where you can, protect the
scene, and notify emergency assistance
if needed.
• Exchange names, contact information
   and insurance details with the other
   driver(s) involved.
• Record the names and contact
   information of all witnesses.
• Do not discuss who was at fault.
• Record the time, location, weather and
   any other details that may be important.
• Notify your insurance company as soon
   as possible.

You are required to report all collisions
to the police or local law enforcement if:
• anyone has been injured
• anyone has been killed
• overall damage exceeds $2,000
• if police are called to the scene, all
   drivers must remain
 

82 A Driver's Guide to Operation, Safety and Licensing

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